According to yin yang philosophy the universe, and everything
in it, is both constant and cyclical. One force dominates and then it is
replaced by the opposing force. This activity continues constantly and repeats
itself over time. Examples illustrating the philosophy of yin yang include
Life and death
Heaven and earth
Night and day
Dark and light
Health and sickness
Poverty and wealth
Cycle of the seasons - Cold to hot
The Yin Yang Symbol
The symbol of the yin yang, also known as the Tai Chi or
Taiqi symbol, consists of a circle equally divided into black and white
sections by a reverse S-like shape. Within the black section is a small circle
of white. Within the white section is a small circle of black. Each of the
individual aspects of the yin yang symbol has a significant meaning, as does
the entire yin yang.
The Outer Circle
The outer circle of the yin yang sign represents everything
in the universe and the universe itself. It encompasses the duality of everything
The Black Section
The black area represents yin with the following
The White Section
The white area represents the yang with the following
The Black and White Sections Together
Together the black and white areas represent the interaction
of the energies found in all things. They illustrate the cyclical nature of yin
and yang and all that it represents.
The Small Black and White Circles
Located in the areas of their opposite colors, the small circles
show that nothing is absolute. In each of the opposing forces there is a small
part of the other. In all yin there is yang and in all yang there is yin. This
holds true for everything in the universe, for example in every female there is
a little male and in every good there is a little evil. Nothing in the
universe, or in life, is simple black or white. Each exists in the other and
each needs the other to exist.
Originally bred to hunt wild boar, but he probably wouldn't
be very good at it today. The ferociousness necessary to track down such a
large, wily animal was eventually bred out of the Great Dane. He's now a gentle
soul who generally gets along well with other dogs, animals, and humans.
However, his size and his power bark will scare the wits out
of a burglar. Anyone who owns one of these dogs eventually understands that
while you may be used to his awesome size, others usually need a little time to
The Great Dane was developed from Mastiff - type dogs, but
he's more refined than other descendents of this ancient breed. A Great Dane is
sleek and elegant. He has an athletic, muscular body. His massive head - and
massive is the right word - is long and narrow. He's got a long, graceful neck.
His ears can be cropped or left natural. (Cropped ears are common in the U.S.,
but in other countries, ear-cropping is banned.)
His size can present problems. Eyeballing a dog who weighs
what you do makes some folks nervous. His tail can knock over a lot of things,
particularly in a small space. And given the opportunity, he's an impressive
counter surfer. Luckily, he isn't rambunctious or highly energetic.
Size notwithstanding, a Great Dane is a sweet, affectionate
companion. He loves to play and is gentle with children. He has a peaceful
disposition, although he hasn't lost any of the courageousness that helped him
hunt wild boar. Although he isn't particularly vocal (despite his killer power
bark), he wouldn't hesitate to defend his family.
Even given his inherent gentleness, it's advisable to teach
him good manners and attend obedience training classes when he's young. His
sheer size alone could make him impossible to control when he's an adult, and -
as with any dog - you never know when he might see something he just has to
He's eager to please and highly people-oriented, demanding a
great deal of attention from those around him. He tends to nudge people with
that big old head of his when he wants to be petted. Sometimes you'll meet one
with lapdog tendencies who see no reason not to hop onto the sofa and drape
themselves on you.
Surprisingly, the Great Dane typically doesn't eat as much
food as you'd think. And while he needs daily exercise, he doesn't need a huge
yard to play in (although he certainly would enjoy one).
Because of his beauty and gentle nature, more and more
people are discovering the Great Dane. He currently ranks as the 24th most popular
dog breed, according to registrations with the American Kennel Club.
Just be aware that because of his size, he's got a
relatively short life span of around eight years old. That means he takes up a
huge space in your heart for a short amount of time.
A male Saint Bernard's height can range between 28 and 30
inches, and he can weigh between 140 and 180 pounds (63 to 81 kilograms). A
female's height may range between 26 and 28 inches, and she may weigh between
120 and 140 pounds (54 to 63 kilograms).
The dogs may be longhaired or shorthaired. Coat colors
include red and white, brown and white, and brindle and white. Some dogs have
dark masks over their eyes. The ears are set high on the head and are floppy.
The eyes are dark and a little droopy. The forehead is fairly wrinkled. Saint
Bernards also have jowls, which makes them prone to drooling.
Because the dogs are so large, they take longer than many
other breeds to mature fully. They generally do not reach their full size until
they are 2 or 3 years old.
Saint Bernards are loving, placid dogs. Their instinctive
friendliness is likely to offset a stranger's initial fear of approaching such
a large dog. However, Saint Bernards are equally quick to protect family
members who they believe are in danger.
Because they are so friendly, gentle and tolerant, Saints
can be especially good for families with well-behaved children. Known to be
exceptionally understanding and patient, Saints are careful not to injure a
These dogs are eager to please, which can make
training easier than with other breeds.
With his imposing size, sleek coat, and distinctive
black-masked face, the Mastiff -- sometimes called the American Mastiff or
English Mastiff -- is probably not the dog you think he is. Certainly he's the
largest of the dog breeds, not the tallest but the heaviest, routinely weighing
in at more than 200 pounds.
Mastiffs are known as "gentle giants," big dogs
whose main weapons are their size, reputation, and instinctive understanding of
what is and isn't a threat. A well-bred, well-socialized Mastiff will protect
his human family as part of his nature, without any special training beyond
simply making him a well-behaved member of the family.